Periodic Table and Element Worksheet


The periodic table represents the condensed story of a major human effort over a long period of human history. It is filled with the results that have accumulated due to the efforts of many people who were curious about the most basic material makeup of our universe. These elements represent the basic building blocks from which all substances are built. Some of these elements are dated to B.C. while some were discovered in 1999. It is now time for you to begin to learn about the identities of these building blocks. We will start with the names and symbols. Fill in the missing symbol/name of the element. The date of discovery and the origin of the name are included for your information. You will only be responsible for the names and symbols of the 40 most common/important elements that are listed on a separate handout, but here you will see the names and symbols for all of the elements.


Symbol Name      Date   Origin of Name     
Ac    1900 Greek, aktis = ray
  aluminum 1825 Latin, alumen = astringent taste
Am    1944 country where discovered
  antimony ~1450 Greek, antimonos = opposed to solitude
Ar    1894 Greek, argos = neutral or inactive
  arsenic ~1200 Greek, arsenicon = valiant or bold
At    1940 Greek, astatos = unstable
  barium 1808 Greek, baryos = heavy
Bk    1949 city where discovered in California
  beryllium 1797 mineral where found - beryl
Bi    ~1450 German, wismut = white mass
  bohrium 1981 in honor of Neils Bohr, Danish physicist
  boron 1808 Arabic, bawraq
Br    1826 Greek, bromos = stench
  cadmium 1817 Latin, cadmia = a zinc ore
Ca    1808 Latin, calcis = lime
  californium 1950 state and university where discovered
  B.C. Latin, carbo = coal
  cerium 1804 asteroid Ceres
Cs    1860 Latin, caesius = blue
  chlorine 1808 Greek, chloros = green gas
Cr    1797 Greek, chroma = color
  cobalt 1735 Greek, cobolos = goblin
Cu    B.C. Latin, cuprum
  curium 1944 in honor of Marie and Pierre Curie
Db    1967 discovered in Dubna, Russia
Dy    1886 Greek, dysprositos = hard to get at
  einsteinium 1952 in honor of Albert Einstein
Er    1843 city, Ytterby, Sweden
  europium 1900 continent where discovered
Fm    1953 in honor of Enrico Fermi
  fluorine 1886 Latin, fluere = to flow
Fr    1939 native country of its discoverer
  gadolinium 1886 in honor of J. Gadolinium, Finnish chemist
Ga    1875 Latin name, Gaul, of France
  germanium 1886 country, Germany
Au    B.C. Latin, aurum
  hafnium 1922 Latin name of Copenhagen, Denmark
Hs    1984 relates to Latin name for German state "Hassias"
He    1895 Greek, helios = the sun
  holmium 1879 Stockholm, Sweden, the source of its ore
  1766 Greek, hydro genes = water former
  indium 1863 color of its main spectral line
  1811 Greek, iodos = violet color
  iridium 1804 Latin, iridis = rainbow
Fe    B.C. Latin, ferrum
  krypton 1898 Greek, kryptos = hidden
La    1839 Greek, lanthanein = to be concealed
  lead B.C. Latin, plumbum
Li    1817 Greek, lithos = stone
  lawrencium 1961 in honor of E. Lawrence, cyclotron inventor
Lu    1905 Lutetia, ancient name of Paris
  magnesium 1803 Latin, magnesia = a place in Asia Minor
Mn    1774 Latin, magnes = magnet
Mt    1982 in honor of Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist
  mendelevium 1955 in honor of D. Mendeleev, father of periodic table
Hg    B.C. Latin, hydragyrum = god and planet
  molybdenum 1782 Greek, molybdos = lead
Nd    1885 Greek, neo = new and didymos = twin
  neon 1898 Greek, neo = new
Np    1940 planet
  nickel 1750 German, goblin
Nb    1801 Niobe, daughter of Tantalus
  nitrogen 1772 Latin, nitro = native soda and gen = born
No    1957 in honor of Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite
  osmium 1804 Greek, osme = a certain odor
  1771 Greek, oxys = sharp and gen = born
  palladium 1803 planetoid, Palas, discovered in 1801
  1669 Greek, phosphoros = light bringer
  platinum 1735 Spanish, plata = silver
Pu    1940 planet
  polonium 1898 native country of its discoverer
  1807 Latin, kalium
  praseodymium 1885 Greek, praese = green and didymos = twin
Pm    1847 Greek mythology, fire bringer
  protactinium 1917 Greek, protos = first and actinium
Ra    1898 Latin, radius = ray
  radon 1900 originates from radium
Re    1924 Latin name of province in Germany
  rhodium 1804 Greek, rhodos = rose
Rb    1860 Latin, rubidius = red
  ruthenium 1805 Latin name of Russia
Rf    1964 in honor of Lord Rutherford, New Zealand chemist
Sm    1879 Samarski, a Russian engineer
  scandium 1879 Scandanavian peninsula by its discoverer
Sg    1974 Glenn Seaborg, American chemist
Se    1817 Greek, selene = the moon
  silicon 1823 Latin, silex = flint
Ag    B.C. Latin, argentum
  sodium 1807 Latin, natrium
Sr    1808 town of Strontian, Scotland
  sulfur B.C. Latin, sulphur
Ta    1802 Tantalus of Greek mythology
  technetium 1937 Greek, technetes = artifical
Te    1782 Latin, tellus = earth
  terbium 1843 Ytterby, Sweden
Tl    1862 Greek, thallus = a young shoot
  thorium 1819 Thor of Scandinavian mythology
Tm    1879 Latin, thule = most northerly part
  tin B.C. Latin, stannum
Ti    1791 Greek mythology, first sons of earth
  tungsten 1783 Swedish, heavy stone
Uub (112)    1996 temporary systematic IUPAC name
Uuh (116)    1999 temporary systematic IUPAC name
Uun (110)    1994 temporary systematic IUPAC name
Uuo (118)    1999 temporary systematic IUPAC name
Uuq (114)    1998 temporary systematic IUPAC name
Uuu (111)    1994 temporary systematic IUPAC name
  1789 planet Uranus
  vanadium 1830 Scandinavian mythology, goddess Vanadis
Xe    1808 Greek, xenos = strange
  ytterbium 1905 Ytterby, Sweden
  1843 Ytterby, Sweden
  zinc B.C. German, zink = like tin
Zr    1824 Arabian, zerk = a precious stone

Fill in the missing element names.

Driving along with a (Fm) ___________ grip on the wheel of his car, a (Ag) __________ (Hg) ____________ with (Cr) ___________ wheels and (Fe-Ni-Mn-C) _________-belted (Ra) ___________ tires, he was on his way to southern (Cf) _______________. On the way, he had to pull into a gas station in (Bk) _________________ where he bought twenty (Ga) ___________s of (Pb) _____-free gas for a (Ni) _________. Just as he pulled out of the station, along came a (Eu) ___________ in his little (Ge) _____________-made car driving on the wrong side of the (Rh) _________. They crashed! The poor fellow hit his (Ne) _____ the dash and bit his (W) __________. As he lay there, a (Si) _________ came along and stole his (Au) ______ watch and left him there to (S) _________. Then, along came an (As) _________ who set fire to his car. Finally, a good (Sm) _____________ came along and tried to (He) ________, but, alas, all he could do was (Ba) __________ in a (Kr) ___________ the hill nearby.


Find the element that fits the phrase.

__________ What are doctors for? __________ Policeman

__________ To spice __________ Have went (poor grammar)

__________ What torpedoed ships do __________ Well driller's chant

__________ "Get him" __________ Half a dime

__________ To press a shirt __________ Directed (past tense)

__________ Kitchen work area __________ Leg joint above the calf

__________ Amusing prisoner __________ Not fat

__________ Building to store autos __________ Holmium x 1/2

__________ The Lone Ranger's horse __________ What I do when hungry

__________ What police do to a place if they hear of illegal activity there

__________ Cowboy's call after a good trip on a bronco: "I ________"

__________ Cowboy's call after a bad trip on a bronco: "I'm _______"

__________ What you do to a steak when you barbecue it

__________ "_____ anything, but give them nothing."

__________ Why she wears My Sin perfume

__________ Except science, what all my classes do

__________ What I do is none of your ________ !

__________ Soldier from Troy who only fights after dark


Questions? Comments??
Gary Rushin